Thomas Schøtt

Title: Professor
Home institution: University of Southern Denmark

Universitetsparken 1, 6000 Kolding

+45 2670 3591; tsc (at) sam.sdu.dk

SDC Research field: Innovation Management
SDC research project(s): Globalization of Entrepreneurial Innovation in China and Denmark.

The project focuses on people’s entry and participation in entrepreneurial and innovative activity in new and existing enterprises, on organization of activity and enterprises, as embedded in networks around enterprises and entrepreneurs and in institutions and systems in society, and on performance outcomes, notably innovation and innovation-related exporting and expectations for job-creation and growth. – The design is multi-level, e.g. analyzing micro-level activity in macro-level contexts of culture and social institutions, and often compares China to other societies, and is often longitudinal by tracking development of innovation in China. – Data are mainly from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, GEM, which since 2001 has conducted annual surveys, now covering China and 100+ other societies, with measures of national institutional framework conditions, measures of adults’ attitudes and involvement in entrepreneurship and innovation, and measures of entrepreneurs’ and enterprises’ attributes, networking and innovation and innovation-related activities.

Project partner(s) in China: LI Jizhen, Associate Professor, Tsinghua University, Dept of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy.

GAO Jian, Professor, Tsinghua University, Dept of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy.

WENG Yi, Associate Professor, Tsinghua University, Dept of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy.

DUAN Zhirong, Assistant Professor, Tsinghua University, Dept of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy.

LIU Ye, Dr., Zhejiang University.

ZHANG Chuqing, Ph.D.student, Tsinghua University, Dept of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy.

YANG Ruoxin, Ph.D.student, Tsinghua University, Dept of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy.

LIU Chengcheng, Ph.D.student, Tsinghua University, Dept of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy.

LI Yawen, Ph.D.student, Tsinghua University, Dept of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy.

ZHOU Jinyi, Ph.D.student, Tsinghua University, Dept of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy.

RUI Mu, GEM project manager, Tsinghua University, Dept of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategy.

CHENG Yuan, Associate Professor, Tsinghua U.

Steven White, Associate Professor, Tsinghua U.

Project partner(s) in Denmark (name and institution): Kent Wickstrøm Jensen, University of Southern Denmark.

Shayegheh Ashourizadeh, University of Southern Denmark.

Shahamak Rezaei, Roskilde University.

Jan Vang, Aalborg University.

SDC Teaching involvement Innovation Management Programme
Overall research interests Research interest focuses on people’s entry and participation in entrepreneurial and innovative activity in new and existing enterprises, on organization of activity and enterprises, as embedded in networks around enterprises and entrepreneurs and in institutions and systems in society, and on performance outcomes, notably innovation and innovation-related exporting and expectations for job-creation and growth. – The design is multi-level, e.g. analyzing micro-level activity in macro-level contexts of culture and social institutions, and is comparative, and is often longitudinal. – Data are mainly from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, GEM, which since 2001 has conducted annual surveys, now covering 100+ societies, with measures of national institutional framework conditions, measures of adults’ attitudes and involvement in entrepreneurship and innovation, and measures of entrepreneurs’ and enterprises’ attributes, networking and innovation and innovation-related activities.
Publications  Schøtt, T., J. Gao, M. Rui. The environment around an entrepreneur in China: Embeddedness in marketization; support and benefit for performance. For presentation at the 8th International Symposium on Management of Technology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Dec 3-4 2016.

Jensen, K. W., T. Schøtt, and J. Li. Chinese firms’ specialization benefiting innovation: Promoted by elaborated market institutions in the provinces. For presentation at the 8th International Symposium on Management of Technology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Dec 3-4 2016.

Liu, Ye, and T. Schøtt. Entrepreneurs’ intertwined education, networking with researchers, and business collaboration: Benefits for innovation in China. Presented at the conference China Goes Global, Macerata, July 2016.

Liu, Ye, and T. Schøtt. Mass entrepreneurship in China: Increasing inclusion of women, educated, and adults. Presented at the conference China Goes Global, Macerata, July 2016.

Schøtt, T. Specialization of firms coupled with comparative advantages in social capital, innovation, exporting and growth-expectations: Coupling enhanced by institutions. Presented at International Business Center Conference, Aalborg, June 2016.

Schøtt, T., Zhirong Duan, K.W.Jensen. Environmental, social and economic goals of a firm: Changing with age of the firm. Presented at the 6th Leuphana Conference on Entrepreneurship, Lüneburg, January 2016.

Schøtt, T., K.W. Jensen and Steven White [Tsinghua U.]. Networks shaping innovation and growth-expectations for businesses: Embedded in culture in East and West. In preparation for submission to a special issue of an international journal.

Schøtt, T. The social role of the entrepreneur: Professionalization through education and training? Presented at the Workshop on Historical Perspectives on Entrepreneurship, CBS, May 2016. Submitted to a special issue of an international journal and now under review.

Schøtt, T., and Zhang, Chuqing. Women entrepreneurs’ legitimacy in private and business environments: Consequences for job satisfaction and commitment. Presented at International Business Center Conference, Aalborg, June 2016. Submitted to a special issue of an international journal and now under review.

Jensen, K.W., Vang, J., Schøtt, T., and Ashourizadeh, S. Networks around indigenous and immigrant entrepreneurs: Embeddedness in private and public spheres. Submitted to an international journal and now under review.

Schøtt, T. Entrepreneurial pursuits in the Caribbean diaspora: Networking and its benefits. Submitted to a special issue of an international journal and now under review.

Schøtt, T., K.W. Jensen, J. Li, R.G. Bertelsen, S. Ashourizadeh. Innovation and life-satisfaction: Embedded in networks and marketization in the provinces in China. In review for a special issue on entrepreneurship in China, Small Business Economics.

Schøtt, T. Networks around women and men entrepreneurs in the Iranian diaspora: Dual embeddedness in Iran and in host-society. In review for Iranian Entrepreneurship: Deciphering the Entrepreneurial Eco-system in Iran and in the Iranian Diaspora. Springer Publishers.

Schøtt, T., Rui, Mu, Gao, Jian, and Li, Jizhen. Regional development of entrepreneurship in China: Marketization processes in the provinces. Under review with Entrepreneurship & Regional Development.

Schøtt, T., and Liu, Ye. Life-satisfaction of entrepreneurs in the diaspora: Embedded in transnational networks and in international business. Submitted for international publication and now under review.

Bertelsen, R.G., S. Ashourizadeh, K.W. Jensen, T. Schøtt, and Yuan Cheng. Networks around entrepreneurs: Gendering in China and countries around the Persian Gulf. In review for a special issue on gendering in cross-cultural management, of Gender in Management: An International Journal.

Jensen, K.W., and T. Schøtt. Components of the network around an actor. Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining, Vol 1, 2nd ed, ed by Reda Alhajj and Jon Rokne. New York: Springer Science and Business Media. (in press).

Schøtt, T. Immigrant and indigenous youth in Europe: Entrepreneurial intention building on human, financial and social capital. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business (in press).

Zhang, Chuqing, and T. Schøtt. Young employees’ job-autonomy promoting intention to become entrepreneur: Embedded in gender and traditional versus modern culture. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, (in press).

Schøtt, T. Entrepreneurs’ satisfaction with job and life in the Sub-Sahara African diaspora: Dual embeddedness in home-society and host-society. FUTA Journal of Management and Technology, (in press).

Schøtt, T., and K.W. Jensen. 2016. Firms’ innovation benefiting from networking and institutional support: A global analysis of national and firm effects. Research Policy, 45, 1233-1246. DOI 10.1016/j.respol.2016.03.006

Jensen, K.W., S. Rezaei and T. Schøtt. 2015. Entrepreneurs in China and the Chinese diaspora, In: Entrepreneur and Talent Management from a Global Perspective: Chinese Returnees, ed Huiyao Wang & Yipeng Liu. E. Elgar Publisher. Pages 62-91.

LI Jizhen, CHEN Zhijun and T. Schøtt. 2015. Innovation benefitting exporting: Benefit enhanced by transnational networking. International Journal of Business and Globalisation. 16, 3:245-263.

Ashourizadeh, S., S.Rezaei, T.Schøtt, and K.W.Jensen. 2015. People’s human and social capital benefiting careers in entrepreneurship: Adults in China and in the Chinese diaspora. International Journal of Business and Globalisation. 16, 3:378-400.

Ashourizadeh, S., T. Schøtt, Ece Pişkinsüt Şengüler and WANG Yi. 2015. Exporting by migrants and indigenous entrepreneurs: Contingent on gender and education. International Journal of Business and Globalisation. 16, 3:264-283.

Cheraghi, M., and T. Schøtt. 2015. Conceived globals: Entrepreneurs’ transnational networking, across phases and embedded in culture. International Journal of Business and Globalisation. 16, 3:209-227.

Ashourizadeh, Shayegheh, and T. Schøtt. 2015. Exporting embedded in entrepreneurs’ transnational networks. International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 16, 3:314-334.

Jensen, K.W., S.Rezaei, T.Schøtt, S.Ashourizadeh, & LI Jizhen. 2015. Chinese entrepreneurs’ human and social capital benefiting innovation: In China and Chinese diaspora. International Journal of Business and Globalisation. (in press). 16, 3:350-377.

Jensen, K.W., and T. Schøtt. 2015. Start-up firms’ networks for innovation and export: Facilitated and constrained by entrepreneurs’ networking in private and public spheres.  Journal of Social Network Analysis and Mining , Vol. 5, Issue 1, Article 48, pp. 1-17. DOI 10.1007/s13278-015-0287-8

Schøtt, T., and Maryam Cheraghi. 2015. Gendering pursuits of innovation: Embeddedness in networks and culture. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 24, 1:83-116.

Schøtt, T., and Mahdokht Sedaghat. 2014. Innovation embedded in entrepreneurs’ networks and national educational systems: A global study. Small Business Economics, 43, 2: 463-476. DOI: 10.1007/s11187-014-9546-8

Levie, J., D. Kelley, A. Coduras, T. Schøtt. 2014. The effect of training in starting a business on subsequent entrepreneurial awareness, attitudes, intention and activity: A 37 nation study. International Review of Entrepreneurship. Vol 12, No. 3, pp.

Khun-Pearce, K., S. Rezaei, and T. Schøtt. 2014. Editorial. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 23,1/2, pp.

Ashourizadeh, Shayegheh, Niloofar Nasiri and T. Schøtt. 2014. Entrepreneurial intention benefitting from education, training and competence: Egypt and Iran. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 23,1/2:94-109. DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2014.06530

Mehrizi, Mahsa Mahmoodi, and T.Schøtt. 2014. Education coupled with international networking: Benefits for exporting in Middle East and North Africa. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 23, 1/2:110-126. DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2014.065311

Hovne, Adam S., Ben S. Hovne and T. Schøtt. 2014. Entrepreneurs’ innovation benefitting from their education and training and from national policy and culture: A global study. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 23,1/2:127-144. DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2014.065312

Schøtt, T., Maryam Cheraghi, Shahamak Rezaei, and Jan Vang. 2014. Innovation embedded in entrepreneurs’ networks in private and public spheres: A global study focusing on China and Denmark. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 23, 1/2: 145-167. DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2014.065302

Bayat, Mahya, T. Schøtt and M. Reza Zali. 2014. Firms’ collaboration networks benefitting innovation: Embeddedness in high-trust and low-trust culture, Denmark and Iran. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 23, 1/2:168-190. DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2014.065313

Cheraghi, Maryam, Zakia Setti, and T. Schøtt. 2014. Growth-expectations among women entrepreneurs: Embedded in networks and culture in Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia and in Belgium and France. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 23, 1/2:191-212. DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2014.065308

Ashourizadeh, Shayegheh, Zohreh Hassannezhad Chavoushi and T. Schott. 2014. People’s confidence in innovation: A component of the entrepreneurial mindset, embedded in gender and culture, affecting entrepreneurial intention. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 23, 1/2:235-251 (2014). DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2014.065310

Klyver, Kim, Mette Søgård Nielsen, Mark T. Schenkel and T. Schøtt. 2014. How instrumental and emotional support from family differs between vocational decisions to become self-employed or employed. Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship, 25, 2: 53-74.

Jensen, Kent Wickstrøm, and Schøtt, T. 2014. Firms’ innovation embedded in their networks of collaboration: China compared to the World. Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies,12,3:273-292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14765284.2014.931427

Ashourizadeh, Shayegheh, Shahamak Rezaei, T. Schøtt and Jan Vang. 2014. Entrepreneurs’ human and social capital: Direct and reinforcing benefits for their exporting. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 21, 2: 246-267. 

Non-academic research partners CHEN Zhijun, Vice Director of Division of Industrial Clusters, Torch High Technology Industry Development Center at Ministry of Science and Technology.
Scheduled activities 2016 The schedule for 2016 is to complete and submit, to international journals, most of these manuscripts:

Schøtt, T., J. Gao, M. Rui. The environment around an entrepreneur in China: Embeddedness in marketization; support and benefit for performance. For presentation at the 8th International Symposium on Management of Technology, Hangzhou, Dec 3-4 2016.

Jensen, K. W., T. Schøtt, and J. Li. Chinese firms’ specialization benefiting innovation: Promoted by elaborated market institutions in the provinces. For presentation at the 8th International Symposium on Management of Technology, Hangzhou, Dec 3-4 2016.

Liu, Ye, and T. Schøtt. Entrepreneurs’ intertwined education, networking with researchers, and business collaboration: Benefits for innovation in China. Presented at the conference China Goes Global, Macerata, July 2016.

Liu, Ye, and T. Schøtt. Mass entrepreneurship in China: Increasing inclusion of women, educated, and adults. Presented at the conference China Goes Global, Macerata, July 2016.

Schøtt, T., Zhirong Duan, K.W.Jensen. Environmental, social and economic goals of a firm: Changing with age of the firm. Presented at the 6th Leuphana Conference on Entrepreneurship, Lüneburg, January 2016.

Schøtt, T., K.W. Jensen and Steven White [Tsinghua U.]. Networks shaping innovation and growth-expectations for businesses: Embedded in culture in East and West. In preparation for submission to special issue of an international journal.

During 2016, Thomas and his Chinese collaborators will expectedly also begin more articles, to be coauthored for international journals.